Came across this story in MINT on how the new Minister for HRD would insist on IIMs recruiting faculty members as per the policy on reservations. About half the faculty positions have to be reserved for SC, ST and OBC candidates, apparently.
In general, affirmative action policies are all about divvying up the gravy. Meritocracy policies are about growing the pie. Hence, it is unsurprising that there is no correlation.
Hard to resist the former in poor societies with history of oppression but latter is needed for catch-up with prosperity. There has to be a balance. India has continued to move in the direction of the former and far less, if at all, in the latter direction in the last forty+ years, at least, if not longer. It is unsustainable.